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602 Wards

A youth has committed a crime and is placed under formal wardship.

Three Basic Levels of Crimes:


  • The least serious offense, specific statute, rule, or local ordinance, and is generally punishable by a fine. Many motor vehicle violations are considered infractions


  • A less serious offense for which the offender may be sentenced to probation, county jail, juvenile detention facility, incurs a fine, or some combination


  • The most serious type of crime for which an offender may be sentenced to state prison, Department of Juvenile Justice, county jail, or juvenile detention facility

If a Youth is contacted by Law Enforcement:

  • A police officer issues the youth a citation and then releases the youth to their parent
  • If released to parent, the Probation Department will review the case to determine the appropriate level of intervention
  • The Probation Department will contact the youth and parent/guardian regarding the case
  • A police officer arrests the youth and takes the youth to the Placer County Juvenile Detention Facility
  • The probation officers will assess the youth at intake to determine if the youth can be released to his/her parent or remain detained

Released to Parent with a Citation:

  • A crime is reported to law enforcement
  • Law enforcement will conduct an investigation
  • The youth is physically detained and searched
  • Citation issued and youth released to parent with a possible Promise to Appear in court
  • The law enforcement report is then forwarded to the Probation Department for review

Probation Department Review Process:

  • A Probation Officer will review the law enforcement report to determine seriousness of the case and the appropriate level of probation services
  • The case can be referred to:
    • Law Enforcement Diversion Program)
    • Alternative Intervention Program (AIP)
    • Citation Hearing
    • Traffic Hearing
    • District Attorney for prosecution

Mandatory Referral to the District Attorney:

  • Serious violent crimes listed in 707(b) W&I offenses
  • 2nd felony referral; under 14 years of age
  • Felony; 14 years old (or older)
  • Sale/Possession for sale of controlled substance
  • 11350 or 11377 H&S: Drugs on School Grounds
  • 245.5 PC: Battery on school employee
  • 626.9 PC: Firearm on school grounds
  • 626.10 PC: Weapon on school grounds
  • 186.22 PC: Gang Activity
  • Previous 654 W&I: Informal Handling
  • Restitution Over $1,000
  • 487h PC: Grand Theft or 10851 VC: Vehicle Theft by 14 year old (or older)

Probation can make Referrals to the District Attorney:

  • For these additional reasons:
  • Criminal sophistication
  • Probability of rehabilitation
  • Delinquency history
  • Prior rehabilitative attempts
  • Present offense- gravity/circumstances
  • Home/school/community problems
  • Chronic family problems
  • Denial/dispute of charges or conduct
  • Welfare of the youth- safety/protection of public
  • Referring party/agency recommendation